Do avocado trees grown from seed produce fruit:- Avocado is an unpretentious tropical fruit crop. It is a fruit tree of the genus Perseus of the laurel family. It has a branched trunk (grows up to 20 meters high) and a thick, persistent crown.
The foliage falls and is renewed all year long. The avocado leaves are 30 cm long and have an elongated, rounded shape. The flowers are bisexual, greenish-yellow. They are hidden in the leaf axils and are almost invisible on the bottom of a tree.
Due to the rich dark green hue of the skin and the elongated ellipsoidal shape, this plant is also called the alligator pear. This color is characteristic only of green fruits. As it ripens, the color becomes more saturated, almost black.
There are cases of germination even from a dry and lifeless seed, long extracted from the pulp. If provided the requirements to the seed, the germination rate is 100%.
Under the hard skin of the fruit is a fatty, oily pulp with a light green hue. Ripe avocado fruit tastes like pumpkin or cucumber with butter. In the center of the fruit, closer to the blunt side, the large elongated seed is located.
There are varieties with ripe fruit up to 1 kg in weight. On average, a fruit weighs about 100 g. On a large tree, more than 200 kg of the harvest is harvested per season. The trees bear fruit well on sandy, limestone, silty volcanic soils, and red clay.
The main requirement is moderate humidity and no flooding. Avocados are grown in warm tropical and subtropical climates and with lots of light.
Will the seed from the avocado if planted can produce the fruit later?
Avocado fruit has been not only popular in Europe, America but lately, it has been in high demand in Asian countries as well. In Nepal as well, many people have been planting the seeds in their home garden or the clay pot. But one of the curiosity and the complaint is that the seed germinates easily into the plant but doesn’t produce fruit.
The curiosity and the question arise because you don’t know about the plant very well. you may not know but the avocado tree through evergreen can only produce fruit if planted from seed after 10-15 years of its plantation.
So you have to wait that many years for your home tree to bear fruit for you. This will also happen if you have planted two or more avocados in the outdoor garden because the flower of the tree needs cross-pollination via insects such as a bee.
The flowers of the plant are grouped into type A and type B. in simple words, the flower of the avocado is bisexual that is both male and female. Male flower if bloom or open in the morning then the female flower opens in the evening and vice versa.
This depends on the species of the avocado tree that you have planted. Therefore, cross-pollination is required for the flower to be fertilized and turn to fruit for which you need to plant two or more avocado plants nearby.
Remember that the fruit that has been produced from the plant grown from the seed cant be of the quality of the fruit that you have planted from. The fruit may not ripe, may not be that tasty and the tree may not produce fruit in large quantities.
The minimum age of the plant for the appearance of the first fruits is 3 years. During this period, panicles of pale green flowers may bloom on the tree. It can be difficult to wait for avocado to bloom at home, even with the most careful attitude and the most scrupulous care.
To increase the possibility of fertilization, it is generally recommended to grow 2-3 trees at a time. Avocado flowers are bisexual, however, situations, where the stamens and pistils are active at the same time, are very rare. If two trees stand closely together, cross-pollination is more likely to occur.
If you have planted the tree indoor, you may not have the fruit ever but it can be used as the home decor.
How to grow avocado trees from the seed to fruit in a short time?
Although it takes 10-15 years for the avocado plant grown from the seed to bear fruit, there are ways with which you can make your plant grow and bear fruit much faster.
If you think that you can directly plant the seed in the soil, water them few times and fertilize them like in other plants, and then the plant will grow into a tree and will bear fruit.
Then you are mistaken because you have to understand that avocado is not only the unique fruit but it is also the unique plant that needs some care, techniques, and other external factors if you want your plant to bear tastier fruit in a small amount of time. Take a look below:
A. Choose a seed to plant
The seed to be planted must be ripe. To determine if the fruit has matured, you need to shake it. If the seed hangs freely in the cavity, it is ready for use. After pressing the surface of the ripe fruit, small bumps remain: in an overripe avocado, even with slight pressure, the surface is deformed.
You can also buy the fruit in an immature state, is it possible to ripe such an avocado at home. To speed up the process, the fruit is wrapped in a two-layer newspaper, place in a plastic bag and kept in a warm, dark place.
You can also put bananas or apples on avocados: they release ethylene, which helps them ripen. When the fruit ripens, the avocado gives off moisture: to avoid rot, the bag must be untied periodically and the condition of the fruit must be checked. The putrefaction process begins in the area of the sepals.
B. Avocado seed germination stages
- The first task is to acquire ripe fruit, find a container for germinating seeds and an isolated place to leave the germ. The pot and soil can be purchased later, after 2-3 weeks.
- The avocado fruit is cut in half so that the seed stays in one of the halves. The pulp is used for its intended purpose. You can remove a seed by pressing on it with a towel and turning it left and right for a characteristic crunch. You mustn’t remove the bark of the seed, which is light brown.
- The avocado seed has a very slippery surface. To hold it comfortably in your hand during cleaning, you should rinse the seed with lukewarm water and wipe it carefully with a woolen towel. The pulp should not remain on the surface: because of this, the seed molds.
- The protective cover is easy to peel off by prying with a knife or desk blade. It is possible to germinate unrefined seeds, however, after cutting the membrane, the seeds will germinate much faster.
C. Germinate avocados from seeds
Before starting, it is important to know that you will not have fruits in a short time. It takes a few years for the tree to grow and start bearing avocados. But the wait will be worth it! There are several methods to germinate avocados from the seed:
- Closed method: the untreated seed is immersed in moist soil with a blunt side for two-thirds, and watered 1 to 2 times a week.
- Open method: a seed (with or without peeling) must be pierced with toothpicks in three or four places, deepening them by 4 mm, and immersed in water with a blunt end so that the puncture sites remain dry. Fill the small, shallow container you chose with water to the brim. It should be deep enough to easily fit the entire seed, but it should not be too wide. Then place the pit with the toothpicks already inserted into the container. The toothpicks should rest on the walls of the glass so that only half of the seed is submerged. Make sure that the narrow, pointed part of the pit points up and that the wider, rounded part is well submerged. Otherwise, the plant will not grow.
Things you should keep in mind at this stage:
- To control the germination process, it is more convenient to store the seeds in a transparent container. As the avocado sprouts up, the superficial part of the bone dries out and peels off, and the lower part, on the contrary, swells, and cracks, freeing the roots.
- To germinate the seed, decanted water at room temperature is taken. You can also add charcoal or several crushed tablets of activated charcoal to the liquid. Every 4-5 days you need to change the water and rinse the tank. The length of time an avocado seed grows depends on the season. Depending on the season, the bone can stay in the water without germinating from one week to two months. In the spring, the probability of the sprout already appearing in 1-2 weeks is twice as high as in winter.
- After two to three weeks, the brown outer layer of the seed will begin to dry out and wrinkle, and gradually peel off. Immediately after, the pit should start to crack at the top and bottom.
- After three to four weeks, the root should begin to emerge from the base of the pit.
D. Transplanting the germinated seed in another pot or land
- Once the seed grows 3 to 4 cm long, you can plant the avocado in the ground. Do not hesitate: if the roots dry, the plant will die without waiting for a transplant.
- For air to flow to the roots, the avocado soil should be loose and not clayey. The plant does not like to wet the root system, so you need to put a layer of drainage at the bottom of the pot. It can be purchased from a garden shop or made at home from expanded clay and small stones. You can also use foam instead of drainage.
- The drainage layer is laid on a thickness of 2 cm, then the earth is poured into the pot. There should be a few inches of free space around the edges of the container.
- A seed is buried in the ground with a dull side (on this site, it has roots) for two thirds and watered. The best place to grow avocado seeds is by the window sill. There it will be light and the amount of heat is sufficient for the seed to grow.
Keep in mind the following factors to ensure the growth of the plant:
- The plant does not tolerate excessive drought or, conversely, soil moisture. When watering an avocado at home, you should remember that it should not be watered more than 1 to 2 times a week, and once a month the plant can be fertilized with any mineral fertilizer.
- Avocados are demanding for the temperature and humid conditions in the apartment. For full development, the plant should be kept at a minimum temperature of 16 ° C and high humidity of indoor air, from 45 to 70%.
- It is necessary to water the tree with decanted or filtered water with low salt content. To determine whether the soil should be moistened, it should be probed with a finger a few centimeters deep: if it is wet, there is enough moisture.
- For you to determine when to transplant the plant, take a look at the root. Before the roots crawl on the ground you have to transplant the plant in the area where you want your avocado tree to grow. The best time for this manipulation is the end of February and the beginning of March (the most active growing months). By transplanting an avocado during this time, you increase the likelihood that it will start to bear fruit.
- Avocado pits may take time to sprout. To simulate natural growing conditions, you can expose the top half of the pit to light and cover the other part – the water container – with aluminum foil or some other opaque material.
- During the winter or when there are low temperatures, it is better to transfer the tree to a medium pot rather than plant it in the ground. This will allow you to have the plant near a window where it receives good lighting.
- There is a variety of avocado that grows particularly fast from its seeds and produces wonderful fruit. This is the black shell silver from Sabinas-Hidalgo, Tamaulipas, Mexico. Its shell is soft, very thin, and can be consumed since it has a high nutritional value.
E. Further care for the growing avocado
- Avocados grow quite quickly, but for this, they need the appropriate conditions. The basis is to provide the plant with optimal soil heat and humidity. The plant will feel better at an air temperature of 21-24 degrees Celsius and with daily watering – skillful.
- Occasionally, the leaves can be sprayed, but not with tap water. From this water, a white plaque can appear on the plant, which often becomes the focus of the development of bacteria and ends with the death of the tree.
- Remember that avocados do not tolerate cold and even more frost. Therefore, when opening windows in winter, it should not be on the window sill. Another problem is solar radiation, which should also be moderate.
- In the summer, avocados can be lightly fertilized (every two weeks). Ripe trees can also be placed on the balcony, but be careful not to let their leaves get burnt by the sun.
- Younger specimens require transplantation into larger vessels. It is best to do this every spring. It is also worth knowing that young avocados grow rapidly in height. To avoid this and cause the plant to branch, the tallest shoots are cut.
Location and lighting
- In the first year, you can grow avocados at home in a small pot. Once the root system is sufficiently developed, a small pot should be replaced. The long rhizome of the plant requires a lot of space, so you need to select a deep pot for this.
- The pot is placed in the brightest spot. So that the plant has enough sun, you can install a soil pot on a low stool.
- In summer, you can put a pot of plants directly in the sun under the treetops. In such conditions, it will be invaded by a luxuriant crown spread out. Also, if you keep an avocado in an outdoor garden for several years, the probability that it will start to bear fruit in the third year is about twice as high as with the maintenance of the tree.
Avocado in bloom and fruit-bearing
Homegrown avocados look beautiful and often reach sizes that make it difficult to grow them in urban apartments. In winter, the temperature should not drop below 10-15 degrees Celsius.
In our climate, these plants rarely bloom and barely produce fruit. If we talk about avocado in bloom, it is worth paying attention to a certain curiosity. Gardeners who had the opportunity to see the flowers of this plant were not enthusiastic at all.
The inflorescences emit a very intense and not very pleasant smell. Fruits can appear on a tree for which truly ideal conditions have been created. But this will not happen before 5-6 years after landing.
Furthermore, as already mentioned above, it is rarely fruitful. Despite this, it is worth planting and growing this plant at least for decorative purposes. Also, there is always some possibility that we await the fruit grown at home.
Care and growth of the future tree
- Water your tree often and thoroughly, the soil should always be moist, but not saturated. It is important to choose the optimal watering mode. Yellowed leaves are a sign of excessive watering, in which case the plant should dry for several days.
- Each time the plant grows by about 6 inches, pinch its leaves, thereby stimulating the growth of side shoots and form a future dense crown. Make sure that your plant matches the size of the pot, transplant it as it grows.
- Avocados do not like cold, and if you have less than +10 degrees Celsius in winter, then your tree should grow indoors on the sunny side. The first fruits from your Avocado can be seen after 3-4 years, this is especially likely if 2-3 trees grow together, but it may be that the tree will bring you its first fruits after 7 years.
- It develops well near the north window but prefers intense light with shading in the afternoon hours. For optimal tree growth in autumn and winter, it is highlighted with fluorescent lamps or special phytolamps.
- An avocado is thermophilic, in summer it requires high temperatures, in a temperate climate, it is not advisable to bring it in the garden or on the balcony even during the hot season. In winter, the plant can be kept at 18-20 ° C; in this case, it develops without a pronounced dormant period. In the case of cold wintering, at 10-12 ° C, the tree discards the leaves, which will reappear only in spring.
- Plants are watered with warm, stable water; the irrigation regime depends on the time of year. In the spring-summer period, it is abundant, but without stagnation of water, after drying the upper layer of the substrate. In winter, the soil surface must be dry for 1-2 days. The lower the sintering temperature, the less often avocados are watered in a pot.
- Avocados are very sensitive to humidity, they need to be sprayed regularly with water at room temperature, especially in winter in central heating conditions. It is recommended to moisten not the leaves, but the space around the tree or use a special air humidifier. You can also place the pot on a pallet with wet sphagnum moss or expanded clay.
- At home, avocados are fed only during the active vegetation period, in spring and summer, using complex mineral fertilizers or special compositions for citrus crops with a frequency of 1-2 weeks. In the autumn-winter period, feeding is interrupted.
- Avocados are fast-growing crops, so plants should be transplanted regularly to larger containers. The first time it is moved to a more spacious pot after the seedling reaches a height of 10-15 cm.
- Subsequently, the plants are transferred with a piece of land in large containers with a frequency of 1 time per year for young specimens and at least 1 time in 3 years for adults. The most favorable time for this is spring. The composition of the soil is the same as that for planting a seed. A tree can grow large, so it should provide a large container.
F. Pruning of the tree
An avocado from seed grows rather quickly and tends to lengthen. Therefore, it is necessary to pinch regularly to give the tree a bush shape. If you pinch the crown, you can get a better branching of the plant.
A pinch of the stem is made to give it a stunted shape and further germination of the buds from sleeping buds. It is produced at a level not less than 15 cm from the surface of the earth, leaving 3-4 shoots that should be directed in different directions.
As soon as the stem reaches 20 cm, the upper parts are tightened to form the branches of the next order. The first pinching procedure is performed on the eighth leaf, after which the plant will begin to branch. The twigs pinch on top of the fifth leaf.
Proper pinching and proper tree care help the plant to form a crown. This is a prerequisite for its bearing. The distance from the ground to the cut must be at least 15 cm. 3 to 4 shoots must remain on the trunk.
The size and symmetry of the avocado tree on the number of times and the care with which the avocado crown is pinched.
G. Pollination of avocado
Knowledge of how to plant an avocado from seed is not always sufficient to make the tree bloom in this case, and even more to bear fruit. And even though the plant can pollinate itself, the results can only be achieved through cross-pollination.
Not even all the flowers of an avocado that grows in the wild bear fruit. So, on a twenty-meter tree with abundant flowering 150-200 fruits are formed, no more.
- At home, you can conduct artificial cross-pollination of numerous avocado flowers with a soft brush. You have to start as soon as they bloom and the pollen matures. You have to do it early in the morning and it should be a sunny day.
- An avocado tree, whose cultivation has been fraught with violations of conditions, will not be able to bear fruit. If cloudy weather and warming are not expected, it is possible to extend the lighting of the plant during flowering to 15 hours a day using the backlight.
- Cross-pollination is performed three times a month, after which the plant is fertilized. Ripe pollen is removed from the blooming flowers and transferred to the flowers of another avocado tree.
- By growing several avocado trees at home, you can achieve another goal. If you sprout 2 or 3 seeds in a pot, their stems can be twisted. This weaving is done carefully, without damaging or breaking the stems of the plants. Weaving should be done gradually, as the stems develop, fixing the stem loosely with thread. The thread should not be too tight. For the weaving to be embossed and beautiful, spaces must be left between the rods. If this is not expected, the sprouted trunks will be merged, distorting the image.
Avocado trees begin to feed at the age of one. Mineral fertilizer must be applied 4 times a year. You have to do it in spring or summer once or twice a month.
When feeding already mature trees, the number of nitrogen increases, which must be applied to the soil twice a year, in late winter and early summer. Sometimes the leaves on an adult tree suddenly start to turn yellow.
The reason for this is the lack of zinc and iron. To avoid this, the plant is sprayed with iron chelate and further fertilized with compounds containing a large amount of iron and zinc.
Problems that you may face with the growing avocado plant
- When growing avocados at home, the plant can be affected by numerous pests and diseases. Among the parasites, the plant suffers from spider mites and scale insects. Control measures include increasing air humidity by spraying, manually removing insects with soap and water and, treated with insecticides.
- There are several ways to get rid of parasites:
- rub the leaves with a cotton pad soaked in 96% alcohol (does not relieve spider eggs);
- wash the leaves and stalk with a solution of laundry soap: it is easier to carry out this manipulation in the bath (so that the root system does not rot due to excessive humidity, the soil only has to be lightly sprayed with soapy water);
- The heavily affected branches are best removed.
- Diseases of a domestic avocado are often caused by care errors. The fall and drying of the leaves are caused by excessive watering, drafts, low water temperature for irrigation. If the leaves begin to lose their color, the lighting needs to be adjusted. If the plant has long been in a dark place, then it is necessary to gradually get used to the light.
- Let the bottom of the pit dry. This will prevent the avocado from sprouting properly. It may even never sprout.
- Do not change or add water. This can cause contaminants to form in the water or on the roots. Mold, mildew, and fermented water can quickly poison the entire plant. You should always keep the water cool and at an appropriate level.
- If you prune too much or too often, the growth of the leaves may deteriorate or stop. After the first pruning, cut only the ends of the leaves on the stem and/or branches. For branches and trunk, pruning makes for fuller branches and thicker, stronger leaves.
- Growing a tree from a store-bought avocado will not necessarily result in a fruit-bearing tree. Many of the avocados in stores are genetically altered and only produce a cute tree, but you cannot expect fruit to grow from it.
The abundance of exotic fruits that have flooded the shelves of stores, encourages more and more people to carry out many experiments to cultivate them on their windowsill.
Often such attempts are successful, the seeds of many plants quickly germinate, and young plants manage to adapt to the new climate. Among the innovative gardeners, the most popular is the cultivation of avocados at home from seeds.
There is a simple logical explanation for this. Growing this particular fruit allows you to enjoy the results of their work after a fairly short time.