How many times a year does an avocado tree bear fruit? :- Avocado tree growing is a fun way to introduce organic fruit to you and your family. Avocados can be medium to large trees, but dwarf varieties also exist for home growth.
The trees have fragile items that are easily damaged by wind and the whole plant is very sensitive to cold conditions. The tree is evergreen with thick, leathery leaves and produces perfect white, ivory to yellow flowers. The fruit has a large seed in the middle and can be green or almost black.
There are many varieties of avocado are found but among them the three main varieties which farmer prefer to grow are:
- West Indian
Avocados do not grow from seed, but you can get a decorative evergreen plant from the seed as well.
Although many gardeners have experimented with the germination of a seed in a glass of water most avocados are propagated from the grafting and the resulting seedlings will show the characteristics of the graft or parent plant.
Plant planted seedlings with the graft underground, which is unusual for other grafted trees. Cut young trees and keep them weed-free while they are growing.
Planting the avocado trees is just the first step to getting fruit. Avocado tree care should include deep, thorough watering when the growing season is in full swing.
The trees benefit from fertilization from February to September. Use ammonium sulfate applications spread over this period. In the first year after planting, apply 1/2 cup, gradually increasing to 1 cup per month.
Once the tree is two years old, the application can increase to 2 cups each month. There is no need to prune the tree except to remove deadwood in the spring. However, you can prune an avocado to maintain size, if desired. Most trees produce fruit within a few years.
Temperature for an avocado tree
West Indian, Guatemalan, and Mexican Avocados are the three types of Avocados that are native to the Americas, each with different fruit characteristics and climate needs.
Hybrids and selected cultivates have intermediate characteristics. To produce fruit, all avocados must be grown in a climate that meets their specific temperature and humidity needs.
- West Indian cultivates are lowland varieties that are particularly sensitive to cold. They can be damaged if the temperature is 34 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Guatemalan varieties of Avocados come from tropical highlands and can tolerate temperatures as low as 26 to 30 degrees, although the flowers will be killed by frost. Guatemalan varieties are often planted with the Mexican varieties for greater cold tolerance.
- Varieties of the Mediterranean climate of Mexico produce small sizes fruits with a large seed, but they survive temperatures of 19 to 24 degrees F.
High temperatures, especially with low humidity, also damage avocados. Fruits or flowers fall when the temperature is 100 degrees F or higher.
The optimum temperature for West Indian Avocados is between 75 and 82 degrees. For other avocados, the optimum temperature is 68 to 75 degrees F. The trees can be grown for landscape use in the shade of other trees in hot desert areas, but they are unlikely to bear fruit.
Avocados grow best in areas that have varying wet and dry seasons.
- The optimum humidity for West Indian varieties is 65 percent.
- For Guatemalan varieties, 60 percent.
- Mexican varieties, 45 percent to 60 percent.
These humidity levels should be combined with optimal temperatures for flowering and fruit set. Flowers are produced in late winter until early spring. Some varieties tend to produce crops and bear fruits in alternate years.
Conditions needed to grow an avocado tree
Although the seeds of avocado have been planted, the plant cant bear fruit for up to 15 years. Avocado trees are planted by grafting, which means that the stem of one avocado variety is split into another avocado variety.
The technique produces faster harvests, consistent fruit quality, and disease-resistant avocado trees. Pollination, climate, soil, water, and disease are among variables that affect a healthy, fertile avocado tree.
If you want to produce an avocado tree as a sample plant without regard to fruit production, you can plant a single avocado tree. However, if you want to harvest your avocado fruit, more than one avocado tree must be planted.
An avocado tree should be cross-pollinated with another variety of avocado trees for optimal fruit set. Although avocado flowers have both male and female reproductive parts, each part functions at a different time during the day.
Avocado trees or flowers are grouped into Type A and Type B, depending on the time of day, their male and female flower parts are reproductively viable or open. Planting a Type A tree and a Type B tree increases successful pollination if enough insect pollinators, such as bees, are present.
The condition most restricting the growth of an avocado tree is cold weather. All three primary avocado species are tropical plants: West Indies, Guatemalan, and Mexican. Mexican varieties are the coldest, but they can tolerate cold temperatures to only 20 degrees Fahrenheit.
In a residential area, the south or southeast side of a home is the hottest place, so it is the best place for an avocado tree. During freezing weather, it helps if you cover the young plant with blankets or carpets and anchor the coverings on the ground.
If the avocado tree is large, the tree can survive the cold temperatures.
Soil, Water and Fertilizer
An avocado tree can successfully grow in a variety of soils and soils with acidic or alkaline pH levels, but the tree needs soil that has good drainage. The tree cant grows in poor drainage and salty soil.
However, West Indian varieties are more salt-tolerant than Mexican varieties, they are better choices in coastal areas. An alternative option is to plant a Mexican variety that is grafted onto a West Indian rootstock.
Although an avocado tree cannot tolerate wet soil, it requires at least 1 inch of water each week during periods of insufficient rainfall. Do not fertilize the tree until it is 1 year old. Young trees need four applications of a balanced fertilizer.
What does an avocado plant look like when it bears fruit?
An avocado tree is a heat-loving multitrunked tree that makes a striking statement in the home garden especially when they bear fruit. Especially they are the evergreen tree and the plant is decorated with luscious green leaves all year long.
So it is delightful to watch the tree growing in your home decor.
Avocado plants do not begin to bear fruit immediately. They must grow to maturity before producing flowers that turn into fruit. It can take anywhere from 5 to 13 years for the tree to grow from seed, but a young tree will produce three or four years after planting.
If you look at your young tree to see if it will bear fruit soon, you may seem in vain at least for another few years. Dwarf avocado varieties are excellent to grow in containers or pots, but if your avocado is an indoor tree, it probably won’t produce fruit.
Generally, avocado trees that are mature to bear fruit are quite large. They grow fast. An adult avocado tree may reach a maximum height and width of approximately 60 and 30 feet respectively.
However, this is rare, as most trees are grafted on much smaller rootstock. There are more than 900 species of avocado tree but on average, the tree may grow to the height of 30ft. Some dwarf trees grown in containers reach only 10 feet high.
Flowers and leaves
Before an avocado tree produces fruit, it produces flowers and many of them. A large, mature tree can produce more than a million flowers each season, but most of it will not yield fruit.
The flowers are light green and hang near the ends of the branches, in long clusters called varieties. Trees that start to bear fruit grow the flowers, so flowering is one sign you can look for.
Look closely, but each tree produces an average of between 100 and 200 avocados per year, and they are small at first. A healthy, productive tree will produce up to 300 avocados each year until it dies and it may not belong.
New fruit trees will still have flowers, along with evergreen leaves that do not change throughout the year although they are sometimes shed as new growth occurs. The three varieties of avocados all have numerous cultivars, but they all look very much on the tree until they ripen.
Young fruits have light green skin and appear round. As the avocados grow, some become pearly or oval, while others remain almost round, depending on the type of tree.
At fertility, the fruits that hang near the ends of the branches can be from 3 to 13 inches long, with skin ranging from yellow-green to deep-green, purple or almost black. The texture can be smooth or slightly bumpy, with a glossy or matte finish.
When to harvest the avocado tree?
Avocado is an evergreen tree of the Lauraceae family, avocado trees bear fruits that can be round, oblong or pear-shaped. The skin texture of the fruit can be woody, pliable, smooth, or rough and of a greenish-yellow, reddish-purple, purple or black color.
This is because there are three primary types of avocado: Mexican, Guatemalan, and West Indies, each with its unique characteristics. Knowing when it is the best time to harvest the avocado depends on the variety of avocado as well as the region it has grown.
For example, hare or rabbit avocados are the most cultivated and they are generally ready for harvest in February, but may go as late as September. It varies greatly depending on the weather, fertilization, and even the bearing pattern of the tree.
If you have planted the trees at home, the harvesting is usually started when a few mature fruits fall. It is not a reliable guide on how to know if an avocado is ripe, as the prolonged flowering of the fruit leads to the tree at different stages of maturity.
When avocado picking, choose the largest one first because it is usually the most mature and ripens at room temperature in one to two weeks.
Commercial Avocado Harvest Time
Commercial avocado picking in markets, such as Florida`s, was determined by the weight of fruit and time of year for each cultivar respectively. Picking avocados when it is too immature results in fruits that do not ripen but become rubbery, tasteless, and discolored.
Florida Avocados ripen between 60-75 degrees Fahrenheit (16-24 degrees Celsius). When temperatures rise, the fruit will ripen unevenly and develop an off-flavor.
Storage temperature for the West Indian varieties should be about 55 degrees Fahrenheit (12 C.) and 40 degrees F. (4 C.) for another Floridian cultivar. When the fruit is stored at temperatures below these, the skin may be darkened and the flesh discolored.
How to tell if an Avocado is Ripe?
Avocados are unique in that they do not ripen on the tree. Ripe avocados have uniform soft meat and this is the best indication of readiness. Depending on the variety, the skin can be anywhere from yellow-green to red-purple to almost black.
For this reason, the skin color of the fruit is not a good barometer of ripeness. The fruit, for example, Hass, begins as a smooth, brilliant green and gradually the skin becomes silky and purple-black. That color change does not necessarily mean that the avocado is ripe, but it is a sign.
The longer the fruit is left on the tree, the higher the oil content and the richer the taste. The color of the fruit pulp is generally pale to buttery yellow and greasy in taste.
Commercial growers use a dry weight test, which gives a measure of the oil content of the fruit to let them know when to harvest. If the oil content is low, the fruit is unripe and instead of becoming tender, it will discolor or remain rubbery.
However, this is not an optimal test for those growing trees at home. The best way to know if the fruit is ready to be harvested is to choose one.
Choose a large, dark avocado. Leave it on the counter at room temperature to accelerate ripening by placing it in a paper bag. The fruit releases ethylene gas, which speeds up the ripening process.
You can speed up this process, even more by popping a banana or apple with the avocado since they also give ethylene gas. The fruit should soften within a week or two. If so, it is an indication that the rest of the avocados are ready to harvest.
If it stays brittle or rubbery, be patient and leave the fruit on the tree for a while. You may need to perform this test a few times until the fruit is at its peak for harvest, but a few lost fruits are a small price to pay for the dozens of ripe avocados that come your way.
How many times a year does an avocado tree bear fruit?
Avocado is a thick evergreen tree that sheds its leaves early in the spring. Avocado trees thrive in warm, tropical climates and produce fruit within one to two years. Although the meat is usually dark green near the fruit skin, it has a yellowish color as it approaches maturity.
Avocado trees need protection or shielding from strong winds, should have excellent surface drainage and large amounts of organic matter in the soil. How many times a year the tree bears fruit depends on the type of tree that you have planted, external factors, and the care that is provided to the tree.
Let’s see which type of avocado tree bears how much and how many times a year. There are three primary types of species of avocado trees that are usually planted. They are:
The Zutano, a Mexican type of avocado fruit, endures frost well, varies in weight from 6 to 14 ounces, has a harvest season that starts in September, and a ripening season that lasts until the beginning of winter.
The Zutano is characterized by smooth skin and yellow-green flesh. A slight yield of the Zutano`s underlying meat when lightly carved indicates ripeness. The Fuerte is native to Puebla, a state in southern Mexico.
The harvest season begins in late fall and lasts until spring and the fruits range in size from 5 to 14 ounces. The skin remains green when ripe. Fuertes is characterized by its pear-like shape, smooth skin, and supple, pale green flesh.
The Zutano avocado is a variety that originated in Mexico and is now grown commercially mostly in California. Zutanos opens the harvest season in September and is available in grocery stores through early winter. Recognized by their shiny, thin yellow-green skin, the pear-shaped fruits are average to large, weighing between six and 14 ounces.
It is one of more than 500 varieties of avocado and one of seven produced by California growers, who produce 90 percent of the world’s avocado crop. Zutanos, cannot tolerate cold temperatures better than other varieties. But no avocado survives long in-sub icy weather.
The most critical effect of temperature occurs during the flowering season. Beyond the cold, low humidity, strong winds, or tornados can all lead to low production. Zutano Avocado grows inconsistently.
A year of high production is often followed by one of low yield. The avocado tree thrives in any type of soil as long as it is well-drained. It should not be planted near the sea beach, though, because it is not tolerant of salt.
On average, about two tons of fruit are harvested per acre, although the most productive orchards can yield up to six tons in this space. Each tree is capable of yielding 500 avocados of fruit, annually.
But the average is about 150 avocados. Fruit can remain on the trees for several months after avocado reaches maturity.
This hybrid between Mexican and Guatemalan avocado subspecies was an accidental seedling from Puebla, Mexico, distributed in 1911 by plant explorer Carl Schmidt. It became the mainstay of the California avocado industry until the introduction of the Hass variety in the 1930s.
The Fuerte, like most avocado trees, can grow to 35 feet in length over 30 years. It has a great growing habit. The Fuerte avocado tree can produce 200 to 300 fruit per tree once it is about 5 to 7 years of age.
The avocado, however, alternate bearing the fruit year by year. This means that the tree may produce a large amount of fruit one year, and then will produce a small crop the following year.
Hass avocados, native to Guatemala, have dark green, bumpy skin, a medium-sized seed, and a weight ranging from 7 to 11 ounces. The Hass is widely regarded for its long shelf life and high yield and can be harvested throughout the year.
The Gwen avocado, has structured meat, seed size, and color similar to the Hass. Easy peel, the Gwen is oval in shape, varies in weight from 6 to 15 ounces and has a slightly bumpy green skin.
Hass avocado is the most commonly used and preferred species of the avocado tree which has a black shell and round in shape. The seed of the fruit is small and the pulp of the fruit has fine buttery texture perfect for making guacamole. The taste of the fruit resembles the nutty flavor.
It is easy to transport, matures well, rarely deteriorates, and blackens. The tree starts bearing fruit after 2-4 years of its plantation and in a year it can yield up to 300 fruits per year.
The quantity may vary on the geography, climate, and the care provided as have been mentioned above.
It is green in color and turns on light while ripening. The skin is slightly finer compared to Hass avocado. It is oval and appears smaller than Hass avocado. Gwen has a nutty taste and can be harvested from January to September.
It has a good shelf life and is known for its great nutritional value. There are about 500 varieties in this type of plant, which gives enough choice for farmers and gardeners who want to choose the types they care for.
This tree is brought up into the warm climate and therefore has no chance of surviving in cold weather. This tree can yield 300-400 fruits per year however it can yield less fruit the next year.
It has the stony skin characteristic of the Guatemalan type of avocado and produces 7-ounce fruits in the fall. This cultivar can survive winter lows of 30 degrees F.
Not native to the West Indies, avocado trees and fruits are an introduced species in West Indies. Two varieties of avocado, General Bureau and Lewis, are well-known examples of the West Indian type.
They are light green with smooth skin. The West Indian type usually requires a warm climate. The trees bloom in the spring and produce avocados in the summer. The avocados can weigh up to five pounds and have large seeds in the center.
The West Indian type is lower in fat than other avocados. Of the West Indian avocado types, Pollock has a relatively large seed in the center for its size. It is in season between July to August or October and can weigh between 18 and 40 grams in weight.
The Simmonds has a medium-sized seed, stiff skin, and is in season from July to September. Ripe Maoz avocados have rough, violet-purple skin, grow well in salt or lime soil, and are in season from mid to late October.
Simmonds avocados grow well in garden gardens and produce plenty of fruit. Seedlings of Simmonds avocados are generally grafted to other types of rootstock for best crop production. The tree can produce around 300 fruits annually if taken good care of and the application of the right fertilizers.
Other variety of the avocado tree
Avocados native to Chile, commonly referred to as paltas, include Bacon, Ryan, Mayapan, and Carlsbad. Chilean avocados grow in shallow soils of varying textures and require relatively low levels of organic matter in the soil.
Chilean avocados don’t grow well and respond to low or freezing temperatures and are highly sensitive to excessive water in the soil.
The fruit of this type of avocado tree can weigh up to half a kilo. The tree can bear the fruit from November to May.
The tree can bear more than 200 fruits in a year if taken good care of. This can be a good variety of avocado favorable for cross-pollination of other avocado trees.
Usually, the avocado tree bears fruit annually and some species bear a large number of fruits in one year while the next year they may bear less. The fruit-bearing quantity and quality also on the climatic condition, the temperature, the type of avocado you have planted, and the care that you provide.
There can be a difference in home production and commercial production of the fruits. In commercial production, they use graft for plantation rather than the seed. At home also, you can buy the graft from the nursery if you don’t want to plant the seed.